By P. Rozhov. Lake Forest Graduate School of Management.
APPENDIX 4 Study ID Reason for exclusion Brent DA purchase lotrisone paypal, Holder D buy cheap lotrisone 10 mg, Kolko D quality 10 mg lotrisone, Birmaher B, Baugher M, Roth C, et al. A clinical No eligible economic psychotherapy trial for adolescent depression comparing cognitive, family and supportive outcomes therapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1997;54:877–85 Brent DA, Kolko DJ, Birmaher B, Baugher M, Bridge J. A clinical trial for adolescent No eligible economic depression: predictors of additional treatment in the acute and follow-up phases of the outcomes trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999;38:263–70 Brent DA, Holder D, Kolko D, Birmaher B, Baugher M, Roth C, et al. A clinical No eligible economic psychotherapy trial for adolescent depression comparing cognitive, family and supportive outcomes therapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1997;54:877–85 Britto MT, Vockell AL, Munafo JK, Schoettker PJ, Wimberg JA, Pruett R, et al. Improving Absent/ineligible comparator outcomes for underserved adolescents with asthma. Pediatrics 2014;133:e418–27 Broquet Ducret C, Verga ME, Stoky-Hess A, Verga J, Gehri M. Randomized trial of a comprehensive No eligible health outcomes asthma education program after an emergency department visit. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2006;97:44–51 Bruzzese JM, Markman LB, Appel D, Webber M. An evaluation of open airways for schools: Absent/ineligible comparator using college students as instructors. J Asthma 2001;38:337–42 Bruzzese JM, Evans D, Wiesemann S, Pinkett-Heller M, Levison MJ, Du YL, et al. J Sch Health 2006;76:307–12 Bruzzese JM, Unikel L, Gallagher R, Evans D, Colland V. Feasibility and impact of No eligible economic a school-based intervention for families of urban adolescents with asthma: results from a outcomes randomized pilot trial. Fam Process 2008;47:95–113 Buchner DA, Butt LT, De Stefano A, Edgren B, Suarez A, Evans RM. Effects of an asthma No comparator; adult/child management program on the asthmatic member: patient-centered results of a 2-year study mixed data in a managed care organization. Am J Manag Care 1998;4:1288–97 Buelow JM, Johnson CS, Perkins SM, Austin JK, Dunn DW. Creating Avenues for Parent No eligible economic Partnership (CAPP): an intervention for parents of children with epilepsy and learning outcomes problems. Epilepsy Behav 2013;27:64–9 Butz AM, Malveaux FJ, Eggleston P, Thompson L, Schneider S, Weeks K, et al. Use of Absent/ineligible comparator community health workers with inner-city children who have asthma. Clin Pediatr 1994;33:135–41 Bynum A, Hopkins D, Thomas A, Copeland N, Irwin C. The effect of telepharmacy No eligible economic counseling on metered-dose inhaler technique among adolescents with asthma in rural outcomes Arkansas. Telemed J E Health 2001;7:207–17 Bywater T, Hutchings J, Linck P, Whitaker C, Daley D, Yeo ST, et al. Incredible Years parent Population training support for foster carers in Wales: a multi-centre feasibility study. Child Care Health Dev 2011;37:233–43 Cabral ALB, Carvalho WAF, Chinen M, Barbiroto RM, Boueri FMV, Martins MA. Are Study design International Asthma Guidelines effective for low-income Brazilian children with asthma? Eur Respir J 1998;12:35–40 Catov JM, Marsh GM, Youk AO, Huffman VY. Asthma home teaching: two evaluation No eligible health outcomes approaches. Dis Manag 2005;8:178–87 Charlton I, Charlton G, Broomfield J, Mullee MA. Audit of the effect of a nurse run asthma No eligible health outcomes clinic on workload and patient morbidity in a general practice. Br J Gen Pract 1991;41:227–31 Chase HP, Crews KR, Garg S, Crews MJ, Cruickshanks KJ, Klingensmith G, et al. Clin Pediatr 1992;31:450–6 Chen SH, Yeh KW, Chen SH, Yen DC, Yin TJ, Huang JL. The development and establishment No eligible health outcomes of a care map in children with asthma in Taiwan. J Asthma 2004;41:855–61 104 NIHR Journals Library www. Interactive support interventions for caregivers of No eligible health outcomes asthmatic children. J Asthma 2013;50:649–57 Chiang LC, Ma WF, Huang JL, Tseng LF, Hsueh KC. Effect of relaxation-breathing training Ineligible intervention on anxiety and asthma signs/symptoms of children with moderate-to-severe asthma: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud 2009;46:1061–70 Clark NM, Feldman CH, Evans D, Levison MJ, Wasilewski Y, Mellins RB. The impact of No eligible health outcomes health education on frequency and cost of health care use by low income children with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1986;78:108–15 Cottrell CK, Young GA, Creer TL, Holroyd KA, Kotses H. The development and evaluation No eligible economic of a self-management program for cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Asthma Allergy Immunol outcomes 1996;10:109–18 Coughey K, Klein G, West C, Diamond JJ, Santana A, McCarville E, et al. The child asthma No eligible health outcomes link line: a coalition-initiated, telephone-based, care coordination intervention for childhood asthma. J Asthma 2010;47:303–9 Creer TL, Backial M, Burns KL, Leung P, Marion RJ, Miklich DR, et al. Genesis and development of a self-management program for childhood asthma. Medications prescribed for children with mood disorders: No eligible health outcomes effects of a family-based psychoeducation program. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2007;15:555–62 DePue JD, McQuaid EL, Koinis-Mitchell D, Camillo C, Alario A, Klein RB. Providence school Wrong study design asthma partnership: school-based asthma program for inner-city families. J Asthma 2007;44:449–53 Ducharme FM, Zemek RL, Chalut D, McGillivray D, Noya FJD, Resendes S, et al.
J1 Work in this domain might also include helping families to identify goals for the child lotrisone 10 mg generic. When this role was described cheap lotrisone on line, reference was often made to the fact that the parents and/or the child may be adjusting to the news of a diagnosis or dealing with the aftermath of a traumatic injury: buy 10mg lotrisone with amex. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals 49 provided that suitable acknowledgement is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK. Is there a mismatch between the priorities of the young person and their parents? And the art of therapy is getting there as quickly as you can. It is the people that are with that child every day at home and in an educational or nursery environment that are really going to be the ones that are implementing the techniques and delivering it. U2 Thus, a key element of their role was the education and training of others, for example parents, Early Years workers, teachers and teaching assistants. You can spot the families that have had some type of training from the way they talk about their children and how they describe their skills. Because the therapist will often work through the classroom staff and train them so that the child is immersed in the milieu that is encouraging their development in a range of domains. And earlier today I came across [a situation where] a new teaching 50 NIHR Journals Library www. V2 Some expressed the opinion that there was minimal research and understanding of homes (and classrooms) as therapeutic environments, and the features of these environments – physical and social/relational – that mediate or moderate intervention effectiveness. It was viewed as having the potential to play a significant role in the effectiveness of a therapy intervention. Thus, this was not necessarily a stable or predictable element of an intervention. Setting The setting of the intervention – whether a clinic or the home/community– was regarded as an active ingredient. Setting emerged as an important aspect of a therapy intervention in discussions about the shift towards participation-focused outcomes. This is because such outcomes are naturally focused on the everyday lives of children and the settings in which they find themselves, or want to participate. The importance of the therapy setting was particularly voiced by physiotherapists. This may be because occupational therapists more typically work in home and community settings, and speech and language therapy is often introduced only during the nursery or early-school years. Traditionally, however, physiotherapy (especially in the preschool years) has been delivered in clinical settings. However, in seeking to adopt participation/goals-focused approaches, physiotherapists believed that, to be most effective, they needed to work with children and families in their everyday settings. C1 Access to equipment Study participants based in specialist services (residential schools or tertiary centres) often noted the value of that setting in terms of offering access to (specialist) equipment that supported positive outcomes. On a different note, it was reported that children might not have access to their equipment (or be able to transport it) in all of the different places and settings where they spent their time (e. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals 51 provided that suitable acknowledgement is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK. Many participants noted that senior posts had been or were being lost across therapy services owing to strategic decisions by NHS trusts. Thus, clinical experience and supervision was being removed from therapy teams, or had been made more difficult to access. This was an issue of grave concern among some interviewees: I actually think they are diluting the effectiveness of the intervention by trying to save money by having less skilled staff. You need to have that level of expertise on a team in order to get the best outcomes. Positive outcomes associated with mode of delivery One interviewee observed that physical interventions delivered in hobby/skill acquisition groups (e. I2 Access to other services It was also pointed out that, through signposting or referral to other services or resources, therapists may support wider outcomes being achieved, or have an impact on outcomes directly. In addition, it sought to identify the other outcomes that evaluations of therapy interventions may need to consider. We report findings relevant to these study objectives in this chapter. We begin by briefly reminding the reader of the core constructs of the ICF outcomes framework. After this, we report on other outcomes that participants believed should be considered when evaluating therapy interventions. The final sections of this chapter explore issues of outcome measurement, including views about the adequacy of existing measures, goal attainment scaling and issues related to deciding follow-up time-points. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health outcomes framework As reported in Chapter 4, in 2002 the WHO proposed a conceptual model of disability that identified three outcome domains: body structure and function, activity, and participation. Setting this issue aside for a moment, within this framework study participants identified three possible objectives of therapy interventions: l progress or improvement l maintenance or prevention of deterioration l recovery to previous levels of function, activities and participation. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals 53 provided that suitable acknowledgement is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK. In the majority of interviews, participation was spontaneously identified as an ultimate objective of therapy interventions. The move from an exclusive focus on functional, or clinical, outcomes was welcomed across all of the practitioner groups represented in this study: One of the best things in the last ten to fifteen years has been the push towards the focus on what are the needs of the child in terms of outcomes, rather than specific clinical outcomes. O2 However, the way this concept of participation was defined, or interpreted, within the context of delivering physiotherapy, occupational therapy or speech and language therapy, varied between participants and across all three professions. Furthermore, some participants reported that it was also the case that other terms were being used to refer to what was, ostensibly, the same concept: I think that participation would be a fairly strong shared outcome in occupational therapy. From a social science perspective, it is much more around choice and having the opportunity to make a choice about what is meaningful to you. F2 The notion of participation as a unidimensional concept, or something that can be captured using a single measure, was challenged by some interviewees, who argued that more work was needed to define, or specify, participation and participation outcomes. The absence of a conceptual framework was seen as contributing to confusion among practitioners about what constitutes participation. In addition, this was regarded as a key impediment to the use of participation as an outcome indicator: Participation is a really complex issue.
Ann NY Acad Sci 1999;890: AMPA receptor antagonist generic lotrisone 10 mg with amex, YM872 discount lotrisone 10 mg without a prescription, reduces infarct size after 450–457 buy lotrisone visa. Potentially effective therapies for acute ischemic safety of the novel amino-3-hydroxy-5methylisoxazole-4-pro- stroke. Antagonists selective for NMDA re- Pharmacol 1997;37:719–727. The selectivity of Ro trolled trial of clomethiazole versus placebo in 1360 acute stroke 25-6981 for NMDA receptor subtypes expressed in Xenopus patients. A double- Acute Stroke Study (CLASS): efficacy results in 545 patients blind, placebo-controlled study of the safety, tolerability and classified as total anterior circulation syndrome (TACS). J Stroke pharmacokinetics of CP-101,606 in patients with a mild or Cerebravasc Dis 1999b;8:1–10. Lan- tent, and selective NR1/2B NMDA receptor antagonist. Cervene in acute ischemic ischemia: effects of parenterally administered NDMA receptor stroke: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-com- glycine site antagonists. Dose escalation tirilazad in aneurysmal subarchnoid hemorrhage. A report of study of the NMDA glycine-site antagonist licostinel in acute the Cooperative Aneurysm Study. Co-administration of logic complications of ischemic stroke: Experience from the probenecid with licostinel increases the steady state plasma level RANTTAS trial. Stroke 1998;29: and reduces the minimum effective dose of neuroprotection in 1256–1257. North American Glycine Antagonist in Neuroprotection Ebselen Study Group. ECCO 2000: study of citicoline for treatment Neurobiol 1997;40:197–232. Soc laborating on GGF2 protein growth factors: a pivotal role glial Neurosci Abst 1999;25:234. Increased neurogenesis in hours following severe normothermic forebrain ischemia pre- the dentate gyrus after transient global ischemia in gerbils. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 1993;13: Neurosci 1998;18:7768–7778. Delayed treatment with marrow with BDNF after MCAO in rat. Neuropharmacology AMPA, but not NMDA, antagonists reduces neocortical infarc- 2000;39:711–716. Vitamin E supplementation 1338 Neuropsychopharmacology: The Fifth Generation of Progress and cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. Stroke comes Prevention Evaluation Study Investigators. LEE TAU-POSITIVE FILAMENTOUS LESIONS IN neurites are frequently associated with amyloid plaques to NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES form neuritic plaques. Furthermore, it has been reported that a small treat this common dementing disorder. AD is a genotypi- population of AD patients show abundant NFTs but very cally and phenotypically heterogeneous disease. In spite of few amyloid plaques (14), which may signify that there is a causal relationship between the accumulation of NFTs this genetic heterogeneity, abundant amyloid plaques and and the clinical manifestations of AD. Stage I shows NFTs and Amyloid plaques are extracellular deposits of fibrils neuropil threads confined to pre- neurons of the transento- formed by -amyloid (A ) peptides cleaved from APP, but rhinal cortex, and stage II shows a more remarkable involve- A also forms diffuse plaques that contain primarily nonfi- ment of this area and a mild involvement of the pre- neu- brillar deposits of A peptides. The neuritic type of amyloid rons in the entorhinal cortex. AD brains in stage III show or senile plaque (SP) binds amyloid dyes such as thioflavin- severe neurofibrillary lesions in the above-mentioned re- S and Congo red because of the presence of A fibrils with gions as well as the emergence of extracellular tangles, and a -pleated sheet structure. The neurofibrillary AD lesions extensive neurofibrillary lesions are found in the deeper lay- also contain aggregated filaments, but they are formed by ers of entorhinal and transentorhinal cortex in stage IV. Finally, increasingly abundant may be released into the extracellular space of the AD brain, neurofibrillary lesions in isocortical association cortex define following the degeneration of tangle-bearing neurons, and stages V and VI. Lee: De- partment of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, to neurofibrillary tau lesions, some neurons show diffuse Philadelphia, Pennsylvania perikaryal tau immunoreactivity, and this so-called 'pretan- 1340 Neuropsychopharmacology: The Fifth Generation of Progress gle' tau pathology is not stained by amyloid dyes such as (35–38), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) (39–41), thioflavin-S and Congo red, unlike NFTs and other neurofi- multiple system atrophy (MSA) (42), Niemann-Pick disease brillary lesions. Thus, 'pretangle' tau pathology may be an type C (43–45), diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcifi- early stage in the formation of NFTs prior to the accumula- cation (46), Hallervorden-Spatz disease (47), subacute scle- tion of abnormal tau filaments. However, some of these disorders, such as MSA, various subtypes of AD, Hallervorden-Spatz disease, and so Neurofibrillary lesions that are positive for thioflavin-S, sil- on also have prominent synuclein brain lesions. Brains of MSA, CBD, PSP, and FTDP- tauopathies (Table 94. Some of these diseases also show 17 contain abundant tau deposits in astrocytes as well as the abundant coexistence of amyloid plaques. On the other hand, in familial neurofibrillary lesions coexist with A deposits in AD as multiple system tauopathy with presenile dementia well as in Down syndrome (16,17), dementia pugilistica (MSTD), affected glial cells are primarily oligodendrocytes (18), and inclusion-body myositis (19–21). On the Abundant amyloid plaques indistinguishable from those in other hand, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism-de- AD brains have been demonstrated in the brains of elderly mentia complex (ALS/PDC) found in the Chamorro inhab- individuals who are not cognitively impaired (12,65,66); itants of Guam and Rota in the Mariana Islands shows this indicates that accumulation of amyloid plaques alone abundant NFTs but very few amyloid plaques (26–29). Moreover, nondemented Moreover, neurofibrillary lesions without amyloid plaques elderly individuals also show sparse neurofibrillary lesions are observed in argyrophilic grain dementia (30,31), Pick with increasing age, but this occurs in limited brain regions disease (32–34), corticobasal degeneration (CBD) (67). Although extensive analysis by Braak and Braak has suggested that neurofibrillary changes of Braak and Braak stage I/II in elderly people may represent early stages of AD pathology (68), this has yet to be proven in studies of sub- TABLE 94. DISEASES WITH TAU-POSITIVE jects who have been subjected to longitudinal cognitive test- NEUROFIBRILLARY LESIONS ing up until the time of death. Coexistence of tau and Argyrophilic grain dementia Corticobasal degeneration amyloid pathologies in some diseases suggests an interaction Diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification between tau and amyloid in mechanisms of brain degenera- Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to tion. Chapter 94: Tau Protein and Tauopathy 1341 Ultrastructure of Filamentous Tau normal physiologic conditions (83,84), whereas the neurofi- Lesions brillary lesions in AD accumulate in the neuronal perikarya, axons, and dendrites. In contrast to the axon-specific distri- According to transmission electron microscopic (EM) and bution of tau in normal states, MAP2 has somatodendritic immuno-EM analyses of tau filaments in various neurofi- localization (85,86). Although it is likely that the compart- brillary lesions, the filamentous lesions consist of three types ment specificity of normal tau and MAP2 in neurons may of morphologies. Approximately 95% of the neurofibrillary subserve functional differences such as organization of neu- components in AD NFTs are paired helical filaments ronal polarity and spacing of intermicrotubule distances, or (PHFs), and the rest consists of straight filaments (SFs) (69, other aspects of axonal and somatodendritic MT distribu- 70). PHFs have a helical structure consisting of two ribbon- tion and architecture (87–91), there is no direct evidence like strands that are paired together in filaments that have for these different roles for tau and MAP2. Lower expression a diameter of 8 to 20 nm and a stereotypical periodicity of tau mRNA and less abundant tau protein have been of 80 nm (70,71).
Comparison of local and general anesthesia in tension-free (Lichtenstein) hernioplasty: a prospective randomized trial cheap lotrisone 10 mg free shipping. Griffiths JD discount lotrisone american express, Middle JV cheap 10 mg lotrisone overnight delivery, Barron FA, Grant SJ, Popham PA, Royse CF. Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Does Not Provide Additional Benefit to Multimodal Analgesia in Gynecological Cancer Surgery. Plasma ropivacaine concentrations after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block. Low-dose bupivacaine plus fentanyl for spinal anesthesia during ambulatory inguinal herniorrhaphy: a comparison between 6 mg and 7. Hannallah RS, Broadman LM, Belman AB, Abramowitz MD, Epstein BS. Comparison of caudal and ilioinguinal ⁄ iliohypogastric nerve blocks for control of post-orchiopexy pain in pediatric ambulatory surgery. Effect of ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block and wound infiltration with 0. Ultrasound-guided continuous oblique subcostal transversus abdominis plane blockade: description of anatomy and clinical technique. Subcostal transversus abdominis plane block under ultrasound guidance. Percutaneous Inguinal Block For The Outpatient Management of Post-herniorraphy Pain in Children. The relative position of ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves in different age groups of pediatric patients. Outpatient varicocelectomy performed under local anesthesia. A pilot study of the rectus sheath block for pain control after umbilical hernia repair. Unilateral groin surgery in children: will the addition of an ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal nerve block enhance the duration of analgesia of a single-shot caudal block? Points of parietal perforation of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves in relation to optimal sites for local anaesthesia. An anatomical study of the transverse abdominal plane block: location of the lumbar triangle of Petit and adjacent nerves. Continuous transversus abdominis plane block for renal transplant recipients. Colonic puncture during ilioinguinal nerve block in a child. Kaabachi O, Zerelli Z, Methamem M, Abdelaziz AB, Moncer K, Toumi M. Clonidine administered as adjuvant for bupivacainee in ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block does not prolong postoperative analgesia. The Analgesic Efficacy of Subarachnoid Morphine in Comparison with Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block After Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Three thousand one hundred seventyfive primary inguinal hernia repairs: advantages of ambulatory open mesh repair using local anesthesia. Tension-free mesh hernia repair: review of 1098 cases using local anaesthesia in a day unit. Serum concentration of lidocaine after transversus abdominis plane block. Transversus abdominis plane blocks; a national survey of techniques used by UK obstetric anaesthetists. Bilateral ilioinguinal nerve blocks for analgesia after total abdominal hysterectomy. Optimizing anesthesia for inguinal herniorrhaphy: general, regional or local anaesthesia? Ultrasound Versus Landmark-Based Technique for Ilioinguinal-Iliohypogastric Nerve Blockade in Children: The Implications on Plasma Levels of Ropivacain. Delayed onset femoral nerve block following an inguinal field block for hernia repair. Knudsen K, Beckman Suurkula M, Blomberg S, Sjovall J, Edvardsson N. Abdominal nerve blockade for postoperative analgesia after caesarean section. Liver trauma secondary to ultrasound-guided transverse abdominal plane block. Comparison of extent of sensory block following posterior and subcostal approaches to ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block. Ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block revisited: single shot versus double shot technique for hernia repair in children. Its relation to variations in vertebral segmentation and the posterior sacral nerve plexus. Paralysis of the femoral nerve following totally extraperitoneal laparascopic inguinal hernia repair. Determinant factors of pain after ambulatory inguinal herniorrhaphy: a multivariate analysis. Ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block revisited: single shot versus double shot technique for hernia repair in children. What is the incidence of leg weakness after ilioinguinal block in children? Applied anatomy of the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve in open inguinal herniorrhaphy. Current concepts and future trends in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. A comparison with caudal block for intra and postoperative analgesia. Venous plasma (total) bupivacaine concentrations following lower abdominal field block. Martinoli C, Bianchi S, Dahmane M, Pugliese F, Bianchi-Zamorani MP, Valle M. The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block after cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial. Transverse abdominal plane block: a cadaveric and radiological evaluation. The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block after abdominal surgery: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part IV: retroperitoneal nerves. McMorrow RCN, Ni Mhuircheartaigh RJ, Ahmed KA, et al. Comparison of transversus abdominis plane block vs spinal morphine for pain relief after Caesarean section.
9 of 10 - Review by P. Rozhov
Votes: 289 votes
Total customer reviews: 289